Children at this stage begin by recognising a simple fraction of a shape or amount. Once they are in year 2, they may progress to looking at fractions in more than one part, as well as understanding that 1/2 and 2/4 are the same. Children must understand that all parts of fractions must be equal.
Children continue finding fractions of amounts, but go further now than just halves, thirds and quarters. Children will also start to look at fractions where there are many parts shown, and start to understand equivalent fractions as well as adding and subtracting with them.
Children continue to add and subtract fractions, but now also look at multiplying and dividing with them and converting to mixed numbers.